Ethics approval

Any research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed by the Declaration of Helsinki and by an appropriate ethics committee. In the manuscript must appear a statement detailing approval such as the name of the ethics committee and the reference number. If the study received an exemption from ethics approval, it should also be specified in the manuscript (giving the name of the ethics committee that issued the waiver). The editor may request any additional information and documentation to support this. If the Editor considers that the submitted research has not been carried out within appropriate ethics, the manuscript will be rejected.

Consent to participate

From participants of the study, informed consent must be obtained (or their parent; legal guardian in the case of children under 16) for all research involving human subjects.

Research involving animals

Experimental study on vertebrates or any regulated invertebrates must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where applicable should have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. The Basel Declaration outlines fundamental principles to adhere to when conducting research in animals and the International Council for Laboratory Animal Science (ICLAS) has also published ethical guidelines.

Plagiarism

Any manuscript submitted to Applied Biosciences must be original and the manuscript, or substantial parts of it, can not be under consideration by any other journal. Authors should specify any possible overlapping publications on submission and must be cited. The editor may request any ‘in press’ or unpublished manuscript cited, or relevant to the Editor’s and reviewers' assessment of the manuscript.

In general, the manuscript should not already have been formally published in any journal or any other citable form.

As the first step of Plagiarism assessment Applied Biosciences uses Grammarly Software.

Authors should be aware self-plagiarism in some cases is considered unacceptable. Where overlap of text with authors’ previous publications is necessary or unavoidable, duplication must always be reported transparently and be appropriately attributed and compliant with copyright requirements.

Confidentiality

Editors will treat all manuscripts submitted to Applied Biosciences with confidence. Applied Biosciences adheres to COPE’s Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers. It means, reviewers are required to respect the confidentiality of the peer review process and will not reveal any details of a manuscript, its peer-review, during or after the review process, beyond the information released by the journal.

Applied Biosciences will not share manuscripts with third parties outside of Applied Biosciences except in cases of suspected misconduct.